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The main problems and Countermeasures of the development of China's logistics industry


Modern logistics is a comprehensive system engineering, involving a wide range of needs coordination and management in all aspects. Over the years, China's logistics industry has been greatly developed. However, as a whole, due to the existence of many unfavorable factors, the overall scale of China's logistics industry is still relatively small, and the level of development is relatively low. Logistics industry to achieve greater development, we must eliminate the impact of these adverse factors.
Factors influencing the development of logistics industry in China
(1) market demand is based on restrictions. Quite a lot of enterprises in our country still retain the traditional mode of operation and organization, and the logistics activities mainly depend on the self-service of the internal organizations. This self-service logistics model largely limits and delays the emergence and development of efficient and specialized logistics service requirements. In the process of optimizing the internal logistics management and improving the efficiency of logistics, there is also the trend of gradual socialization of enterprise's internal logistics activities and its potential demand for social logistics. However, due to the market development and the imperfect reform of the modern enterprise system, enterprises can not effectively cut off the inefficient logistics facilities and organizations. This makes enterprises have to continue to use the past logistics. (two) defects in service quality and management level. Although some specialized logistics enterprises have appeared in our country, the level and efficiency of logistics services are still relatively low. At present, most enterprises engaged in logistics services simply to provide transportation and warehousing services, while in circulation processing, logistics information service, inventory management, logistics cost control and other value-added services, especially higher in the logistics design and logistics services level of service is not in full swing. In addition, the management level of logistics enterprises is low. Most of the enterprises engaged in logistics services lack the necessary service standards and internal management procedures, and extensive management, it is difficult to provide standardized logistics services.
(three) infrastructure and technical equipment are lagging behind. China's logistics infrastructure and equipment conditions and economic development of the logistics industry and compared to the requirements there is still a big gap, the overall size of the transport infrastructure in China is still very small, logistics distribution and storage facilities less, the development level is low; the level of technology and facilities of various logistics facilities and equipment structure is not reasonable, standardized the degree of facilities and equipment is low, can not give full play to the efficiency of the existing logistics facilities.
(four) obstacles in management system and mechanism. In the logistics industry, our country implements the branch door management system in accordance with different transportation modes, and there are also corresponding management departments and levels from the central to the local. This compartmentalized management system has separated the whole society's logistics process, and affected and restricted the development of the logistics industry to a considerable extent. Zhengqibufen phenomenon in different degree, but also affect the government fair exercise of government functions and improve the market competitiveness of enterprises. Under the system of "long management" and "sectional management", there are contradictions between policies and laws, and it is difficult to coordinate with each other, and it also affects the development of various logistics services directly.
(five) the shortage of logistics professionals. Logistics research and education in China is still very backward, logistics knowledge is far from universal. The logistics enterprises do not pay enough attention to the talents, and the personnel engaged in the logistics are lack of professional knowledge and professional skills, which is not good at management. The level of logistics education is not high, mainly due to the lack of standardized logistics talent cultivation channels. Undergraduate education related to logistics has not yet been recognized by the national education authorities, and short-term training is still the main way of logistics training.
Suggestions and Countermeasures for developing China's logistics industry
(1) formulate relevant policies conducive to the development of logistics enterprises. The development of modern logistics is inseparable from strong policy support. To develop logistics, we must first realize that the construction of logistics is a systematic project. Only limited to the storage and transportation can not meet the needs of modern enterprises for the socialization of logistics. Secondly, the development of logistics must also have their own core competencies, from the accumulation of knowledge and skills, the improvement of technical systems, the construction of organizational management system, and so on, to build core competencies. Based on the regulation of the market access standard, encourage diversification of investment into the logistics service market, at the same time, business registration, tax collection and management system to make the necessary adjustments, encourage enterprises to achieve cross regional business.
(two) training logistics professionals. The development of logistics enterprises requires a large number of professionally trained practitioners who understand business knowledge and have business skills at all levels. Should be allowed and encouraged in college logistics professional courses in accordance with market demand, training of senior management personnel and professional personnel for modern logistics; training and education to encourage and guide enterprises, industry organizations and private educational institutions to participate in modern logistics personnel; learn from international experience, by industry associations to carry out modern logistics industry practitioners practice the qualification system, the gradual establishment of China's logistics industry practitioners occupation education, training and qualification certification system and certification system.
(three) do a good job of building a standardized logistics system. In view of the existing problems of the standardization of logistics and the development direction of international logistics standardization, the pace of standardization construction should be accelerated. Strengthen standardized organization and coordination. On the basis of in-depth study of various national standards and industry standards related to logistics activities, the current standards are thoroughly combed. Standards that have fallen behind the need for logistics development should be eliminated and replaced by new standards

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